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Anomia is a "language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived."[1]

Anomia may be a part of normal aging.[2]

Although anomia is not a criterion for diagnosing dementia, anomia is associated with current[3] and future[4] mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia.

Anomia can be detected with the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT)[3][5] and the Boston naming text[6].


  1. Anonymous (2023), Anomia (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  2. Mackay A, Connor LT, Storandt M. Dementia does not explain correlation between age and scores on Boston Naming Test. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2005;20:129-33. PMID 15620819
  3. 3.0 3.1 Traykov L et al. Executive functions deficit in mild cognitive impairment. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2007;20:219-24. PMID 18091070
  4. De Jager C, Blackwell AD, Budge MM, Sahakian BJ. Predicting cognitive decline in healthy older adults.Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2005;13:735-40. PMID 16085791
  5. Buschke H. Cued recall in amnesia.J Clin Neuropsychol. 1984;6:433-40. PMID 6501581
  6. LinksFerman TJ, Ivnik RJ, Lucas JA. Boston naming test discontinuation rule: rigorous versus lenient interpretations.Assessment. 1998;5:13-8.PMID 9458337