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A list of key readings about Backmasking.
Please sort and annotate in a user-friendly manner. For formatting, consider using automated reference wikification.

This is a bibliography of major works on Backmasking.


  • Bashe, Philip (1985) Heavy Metal Thunder: The Music, Its History, Its Heroes. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-19797-7
  • Carroll, Robert Todd (2003) The Skeptic's Dictionary: A Collection of Strange Beliefs, Amusing Deceptions, and Dangerous Delusions. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-27242-7
  • Cloonan, Martin (1996) Banned!: Censorship of Popular Music in Britain: 1967-92. Aldershot, Hants.: Arena. ISBN 978-1-85742-299-3
  • Cordon, Luis A. (2005) Popular Psychology: An Encyclopedia. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-32457-4
  • Dominick, Joseph (2010) Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in Transition. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. ISBN 978-0-07-337888-6
  • Martin, Linda; Segrave, Kerry (1993) Anti-Rock: The Opposition to Rock 'n' Roll. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80502-8
  • Richardson, James T.; Best, Joel; Bromley, David G. (eds.) (1991) The Satanism Scare. New York: Aldine de Gruyte. ISBN 978-0-202-30379-6
  • Serge Denisoff, R; Schurk, William L. (1986) Tarnished Gold: the Record Industry Revisited. New Brunswick, NJ; Oxford: Transaction Books. ISBN 978-0-88738-068-6


  • Begg, I.M., Needham, D.R., and Bookbinder, M. (1993). 'Do Backward Messages Unconsciously Affect Listeners? No'. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology 47, 1-14.
  • Byrne, Thomas., and Normand, Michael. (2000). 'The Demon-Haunted Sentence: A Skeptical Analysis of Reverse Speech'. Skeptical Inquirer 24 (2): 46-49.
  • Epley, N., Savitsky, K., Kachelski, R. A. (1999) 'What Every Skeptic Should Know About Subliminal Persuasion'. Skeptical Inquirer 23 (5): 40-45.
  • Vokey, J. R., and Read, J. D. (1985) 'Subliminal Messages: Between the Devil and the Media'. American Psychologist 40: 1231-1239.