Material from the main Linguistics page
Some of this could be incorporated into the main applied article. John Stephenson 23:40, 6 March 2007 (CST)
Applied linguistics (from Linguistics)
- Main article: Applied linguistics
Whereas theoretical linguistics is concerned with finding and describing generalities both within particular languages and among all languages, applied linguistics takes these results and applies them to other areas. Often applied linguistics refers to the use of linguistic research in language teaching, but this is just one sub-discipline:
* Research in language teaching: today, 'applied linguistics' is sometimes used to refer to 'second language acquisition', but these are distinct fields, in that SLA involves more theoretical study of the system of language, whereas applied linguistics concerns itself more with teaching and learning. In their approach to the study of learning, applied linguists have increasingly devised their own theories and methodologies, such as the shift towards studying the learner rather than the system of language itself, in contrast to the emphasis within SLA.
- Applied computational linguistics: two computer applications are speech synthesis and speech recognition, which use phonetic and phonemic knowledge to provide voice interfaces to computers. Machine translation, computer-assisted translation, and natural language processing are fruitful areas which have also come to the forefront in recent years.
* Clinical linguistics entails the application of linguistics to speech-language pathology. This involves treating individuals whose linguistic development is atypical or impaired. This branch of applied linguistics may also involve treatment of specific language impairment, where one aspect of language develops exceptionally. The field has also adopted existing ideas which have have not become 'mainstream' in theoretical linguistics. For example, both behaviourism and natural phonology have appeared in the literature.
By all means, incorporate away. The article has no footnnotes. Any plans to remedy this? --Thomas Simmons 21:05, 2 October 2007 (CDT)
- Working on it... John Stephenson 21:28, 2 October 2007 (CDT)
Why is the article graded as not underlinked? --Thomas Simmons 21:05, 2 October 2007 (CDT)
- See my Talk. John Stephenson 21:28, 2 October 2007 (CDT)
- The applied linguist Vivian Cook has, for example, introduced the term L2 user as distinct from L2 learner (see Cook's page: Background to the L2 User Perspective). The former are active users of the language; the latter those who learn for later use. Cook's view also severs a link to SLA, in that a user's language ability is seen not as an approximation towards native speakers' competence, but as a system in its own right.
- See also Wei (2007) for an appeal to focus on the learner rather than the system. Wei L (2007) 'A user-friendly linguistics.' International Journal of Applied Linguistics 17: 117.
- The most famous case is Genie, an individual who was deprived of language throughout much of her childhood.
- Bishop (2006).
- Castagnaro (2006), for review.
- Grunwell (1997).